How to cite

For research papers, we encourage authors to acknowledge IBM Quantum using:

We acknowledge the use of IBM Quantum services for this work. The views expressed are those of the authors, and do not reflect the official policy or position of IBM or the IBM Quantum team.

Paper references should be cited as follows:

Systems in the paper should be referenced by their unique name (i.e., ibmq_vigo) and optionally adding the version (i.e., ibmq_vigo v1.0.2). We also encourage referencing the processor. For example:

In this paper we used ibmq_vigo, which is one of the IBM Quantum Canary Processors.

An example of citing an IBM Quantum program:

IBM Quantum (2022). estimator primitive (Version x.y.z) [computer software].